The Humboldt penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti ) (also termed Peruvian penguin , or patranca ) is a South American penguin that breeds in coastal Chile and Peru . Its nearest relatives are the African penguin , the Magellanic penguin and the Galápagos penguin . The penguin is named after the cold water current it swims in, which is itself named after Alexander von Humboldt , an explorer. The species is listed as Vulnerable by the IUCN.
Spheniscus Genus – Banded Penguins
Height: 24-26 in.
Weight: 7.75-13 lb.
Life expectancy in the wild: 10-12 years.
Approximated Population: 3,000-12,000
Population tendency: Decreasing
IUCN Conservation status: VU